Species at Risk

Categories & Terms:

Extinct: A species that no longer exists.
Extirpated: A species that no longer exists in the wild in Canada, but occurs elsewhere.
Endangered: A species facing imminent extirpation or extinction.
Threatened: A species that is likely to become endangered if limiting factors are not reversed.
Special Concern: A species of special concern because of characteristics that make it particularly sensitive to human activities or natural events.
COSEWIC (Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada): a committee of experts who determine the national status of native species thought to be at risk of disappearing from Canada. Members include academics, specialists, Aboriginal people or government, & biologists.
COSSARO (Committee on the Status of Species at Risk in Ontario): reviews the COSEWIC status reports for species that occur in Ontario, then makes recommendations on the appropriate provincial status of the species. Provincial status is identified on the OMNR’s Species at Risk in Ontario (SARO) List.


Our YouTube account has two species at risk videos:

  1. At-risk Turtles, Snakes and Frogs of Georgian Bay
  2. Working in Massasauga Habitat

Species at Risk in the Parry Sound – Muskoka District (prepared by MNR)

Best Management Practices for Public Works Departments within the GBBR

In the GBBR:


  1. Western Chorus Frog
Birds Birds

  1. Bald Eagle
  2. Barn Swallow
  3. Black Tern
  4. Bobolink
  5. Canada Warbler
  6. Cerulean Warbler
  7. Chimney Swift
  8. Common Nighthawk
  9. Eastern Meadowlark
  10. Golden-winged Warbler
  11. Least Bittern
  12. Olive-Sided Flycatcher
  13. Red-shouldered Hawk
  14. Red Headed Woodpecker
  15. Rusty Blackbird
  16. Whip-poor-will
  17. Eastern Wood-Pewee
  18. Bank Swallow
Fish Fish

  1. Lake Sturgeon
  2. Northern Brook Lamprey
  3. Silver Lamprey
Insects Insects

  1. Monarch Butterfly
  2. West Virginia White Butterfly
Mammals Mammals

  1. Algonquin Wolf
  2. Little Brown Myotis
  3. Northern Myotis
  4. Tri-coloured Bat
  5. Eastern Small-footed Bat
Plants Plants

  1. Branched Bartonia
  2. Broad Beech Fern
  3. Butternut
  4. Engelmann’s Quillwort
  5. Forked Three Awned Grass
Reptiles Reptiles

  1. Blanding’s Turtle
  2. Common Map Turtle
  3. Common Snapping Turtle
  4. Eastern Foxsnake
  5. Eastern Hog-nosed Snake
  6. Eastern Milksnake
  7. Eastern Musk Turtle
  8. Five-lined Skink
  9. Massasauga Rattlesnake
  10. Northern Ribbonsnake
  11. Spotted Turtle